Animation History

BY NO MEANS EXTENSIVE, A SHORT HISTORY OF ANIMATION

What is Camera-less Animation?

Before internet, satellite dishes, DVDs, VHSs, and film (and all the other modes in-between and after)… there was Camera-less Animation. These were creative ways to pass the time watching animations that had not been shot with a camera to be projected later (like on a screen in a movie theatre).

One of the earliest of these was the THAUMATROPE:

PHENAKISTOSCOPE(Or PHENAKISTISCOPE):
http://www.ancientmagicarttools.com/phenakistoscope/

ZOETROPE:

This video also has a great explanation for how flipbooks work!

FLIPBOOK:

MUTOSCOPE:


‘Customers Wanted’ -Popeye, 1939

Charles Reynaud and his PRAXINOSCOPE

http://victorian-cinema.net/reynaud
http://victorian-cinema.net/machines#praxinoscope
http://victorian-cinema.net/machines#theatreoptique

FILM AS WE KNOW (KNEW) IT!
Lumiere Brothers
http://www.institut-lumiere.org/

AND Thomas Edison
http://edison.rutgers.edu/
https://www.loc.gov/collections/edison-company-motion-pictures-and-sound-recordings/articles-and-essays/history-of-edison-motion-pictures/